|Joseph Stalin was in favor of strengthening
egalitarianism, the principle that preaches equal distribution
of national wealth and power in the society. He was already the
General Secretary of the Bolshevik Party and the chief
coordinator of the party, when he succeeded Lenin as
the head of the Bolshevik party.
Stalin was born in 1879 in Georgia, of the former Soviet
Republic, that was later known as the CIS and now has become an independednt state.
He was a self educated man.
He came to power after a brief period of rule of the presidium
of the Communist Party following Lenin's death in 1924. Stalin
came to power by ousting Trotsky, his one time friend who later
did not agree with Stalin's principles and turned rival. By
1936 Stalin was the absolute master of Russia.
His aim was to mold Russia with a firm hand according to his
own ideals. Turning Russia into an ideal socialistic role model
was Stalin's goal. Fot this he introduced several measures. He
was the founder of the plan period economy based on the
five-year plan. It was called Piatiletka. It was during
Stalin's rule that primary education became mandatory for all.
He also introduced farming by communes, called Kolkhoz. This
resulted into a big boost in the crop yield. He also introduced
an Act that vested the ownership of land to the hands of the
farmers who cultivated it.
Stalin also attached special significance to the development of
heavy industries. During his tenure, the production of steel,
iron and coal and petroleum witnessed many-fold rise in
production. The wage of the industrial labors also witnessed
significant rise. He, however, called for a sacrifice of the
nation in cutting down the consumption of consumer
goods. In 1953 the life of this great marshal dictator
came to an end.
He made a non-aggression pact with Hitler in 1939 when Hitler
was on an invasion spree across Europe. However, two years
later when Hitler attacked Russia Stalin masterminded the
nation in foiling the Nazi bid for invasion. It was under his
leadership, the Russians drove the Germans back, captured
Berlin and liberated several European states. Stalin helped
Russia in emerging as one of the leading world power at the end
of the World War II. Russia rose to new stenghts in the world